Current Position: US Senator since 2017
Former Position(s): Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs from 2009 – 2011
Chair, U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee Subcommittee – Airland Subcommittee
Chair, U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works – Subcommittee on Fisheries, Water and Wildlife,
As many of us have come to know, the road to parenthood isn’t always easy. Today, @RepPressley
and I are introducing the Support Through Loss Act to support families across the nation who are suffering through the unimaginable.
Tammy Duckworth on a “more perfect union”
September 11, 2021
Senator Tammy Duckworth served in the Reserve Forces for 23 years before retiring at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 2014. She was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016 after representing Illinois’s Eighth Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives for two terms.
In 2004, Duckworth was deployed to Iraq as a Blackhawk helicopter pilot for the Illinois Army National Guard. On November 12, 2004, her helicopter was hit by an RPG and she lost her legs and partial use of her right arm. Senator Duckworth spent the next year recovering at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where she quickly became an advocate for her fellow Soldiers. After she recovered, she became Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans’ Affairs, where she helped create a tax credit for employers that hire Veterans, established a first-in-the-nation 24/7 Veterans crisis hotline and developed innovative programs to improve Veterans’ access to housing and health care.
In 2009, President Obama appointed Duckworth as an Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs, where she coordinated a joint initiative with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to help end Veteran homelessness, worked to address the unique challenges faced by female as well as Native American Veterans and created the Office of Online Communications to improve the VA’s accessibility, especially among young Veterans.
In the U.S. House, Duckworth served on the Armed Services Committee and was an advocate for working families and job creation, introducing bills like her bipartisan Friendly Airports for Mothers (FAM) Act to ensure new mothers have access to safe, clean and accessible lactation rooms when traveling through airports, which is now law. She helped lead passage of the bipartisan Clay Hunt SAV Act, which enhanced efforts to track and reduce Veteran suicides. She also passed the Troop Talent Act to help returning Veterans find jobs in the private sector and worked to cut waste and fraud at the Pentagon and throughout government, including passing a common-sense provision that was projected to save taxpayers $4 billion by reducing redundancy in military uniforms.
In the U.S. Senate, Duckworth advocates for practical, common-sense solutions needed to move our state and country forward like rebuilding our crumbling infrastructure, protecting Illinoisans from lead poisoning, growing manufacturing jobs while supporting minority-owned small businesses, investing in communities that have been ignored for too long and making college more affordable for all Americans. She co-founded the Senate’s first-ever Environmental Justice Caucus and also continues her lifelong mission of supporting, protecting and keeping the promises we’ve made to our Veterans as well as ensuring that we stand fully behind the troops our nation sends into danger overseas. In 2018, after Duckworth became the first Senator to give birth while serving in office, she sent a message to working families across the country about the value of family-friendly policies by securing a historic rules change that allows Senators to bring their infant children onto the Senate floor.
As Senator, she advocates for practical, common-sense solutions needed to move our country and our state forward
Senator Duckworth serves on several influential committees that give her an important platform to advocate for Illinois’s working families and entrepreneurs: the Armed Services Committee; the Environment & Public Works Committee; the Commerce, Science, & Transportation Committee; and the Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee. The first Senate bill she introduced—which supports Illinois jobs by helping prevent bureaucratic delays in infrastructure projects—became law in record time. As a result of her achievements, Duckworth has been recognized by the Center for Effective lawmaking as among the top five most effective Democratic Senators overall and the most effective on transportation issues in the 116th Congress. She was also recognized as the most effective freshman Democratic Senator in the 115th Congress.
Duckworth is fluent in Thai and Indonesian. She attended college at the University of Hawaii and earned a Master of Arts in International Affairs from the George Washington University. Following graduation, Duckworth moved to Illinois and began pursuing a Ph.D. in Political Science at Northern Illinois University and later worked for Rotary International. To this day, the Senator volunteers at local food pantries and participates in community service projects in her free time.
Senator Duckworth and her husband Bryan are the proud parents of two daughters, Abigail and Maile.
- Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
- Expand Social Security Caucus
230 South Dearborn Street
Chicago, IL 60604
Phone (312) 886-3506
8 South Old State Capitol Plaza
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone (217) 528-6124
441 East Willow Street
Carbondale, IL 62901
Phone (618) 677-7000
Fax (618) 351-1551
1823 2nd Ave., Suite 2
Rock Island, IL 61201
Phone (309) 606-7060
Fax (309) 786-1799
23 Public Square, Suite 460
Belleville, IL 62220
Phone (618) 722-7070
Fax (618) 235-4011
524 Hart Senate Office Building
Washington, DC 20510
Phone: (202) 224-2854
Ladda Tammy Duckworth (born March 12, 1968) is an American politician and retired Army National Guard lieutenant colonel serving as the junior United States Senator from Illinois since 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she represented Illinois’s 8th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2017.
Duckworth was educated at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and George Washington University. A combat veteran of the Iraq War, she served as a U.S. Army helicopter pilot. In 2004, when her helicopter was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by Iraqi insurgents, she suffered severe combat wounds, losing both legs and some mobility in her right arm. She was the first female double amputee from the war. Despite her grievous injuries, she sought and obtained a medical waiver that allowed her to continue serving in the Illinois Army National Guard until she retired as a lieutenant colonel in 2014.
Duckworth ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the United States House of Representatives in 2006, then served as director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs from 2006 to 2009 and as assistant secretary for public and intergovernmental affairs at the United States Department of Veterans Affairs from 2009 to 2011. In 2012, Duckworth was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where she served two terms. Duckworth was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016, defeating Republican incumbent Mark Kirk. She is the first Thai American woman elected to Congress, the first person born in Thailand elected to Congress, the first woman with a disability elected to Congress, the first female double amputee in the Senate, and the first senator to give birth while in office. Duckworth is the second of three Asian American women to serve in the U.S. Senate, after Mazie Hirono, and before Kamala Harris.
Early life and education
Duckworth was born in Bangkok, Thailand, the daughter of Franklin Duckworth and Lamai Sompornpairin. Under long-standing US law, she is a natural-born citizen because her father was American. Her father, who died in 2005, was a veteran of the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps who traced his family’s American roots to the American Revolutionary War. Her mother is Thai Chinese and originally from Chiang Mai. Her father worked with the United Nations and international companies in refugee, housing, and development programs, and the family moved around Southeast Asia. Duckworth became fluent in Thai and Indonesian, in addition to English.
Duckworth attended Singapore American School, the International School Bangkok, and the Jakarta International School. The family moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, when Duckworth was 16, and she attended Honolulu’s McKinley High School, where she participated in track and field and graduated in 1985. Because of a difference in the grade levels between the school systems she attended, Duckworth skipped half of her ninth grade year and half of her tenth. She was a Girl Scout, and earned her First Class, now called the Gold Award. Her father was unemployed for a time, and the family relied on public assistance. She graduated from the University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1989 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science. In 1992, she received a Master of Arts in international affairs from George Washington University‘s Elliott School of International Affairs. She began a PhD program at Northern Illinois University, which was interrupted by her war service. She completed a PhD in human services at Capella University in March 2015.
Following in the footsteps of her father, who served in World War II and the Vietnam War, and ancestors who served in every major conflict since the Revolutionary War, Duckworth joined the Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps in 1990 as a graduate student at George Washington University. She became a commissioned officer in the United States Army Reserve in 1992 and chose to fly helicopters because it was one of the few combat jobs open to women at that time. As a member of the Army Reserve, she went to flight school, later transferring to the Army National Guard and in 1996 entering the Illinois Army National Guard. Duckworth also worked as a staff supervisor at Rotary International headquarters in Evanston, Illinois, and was the coordinator of the Center for Nursing Research at Northern Illinois University.
Duckworth was working toward a Ph.D. in political science at Northern Illinois University, with research interests in the political economy and public health of southeast Asia, when she was deployed to Iraq in 2004. She lost her right leg near the hip and her left leg below the knee from injuries sustained on November 12, 2004, when the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter she was co-piloting was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by Iraqi insurgents. She was the first American female double amputee from the Iraq War. The explosion severely broke her right arm and tore tissue from it, necessitating major surgery to repair it. Duckworth received a Purple Heart on December 3 and was promoted to Major on December 21 at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where she was presented with an Air Medal and Army Commendation Medal. She retired from the Illinois Army National Guard in October 2014 as a lieutenant colonel.
On November 21, 2006, several weeks after losing her first congressional campaign, Duckworth was appointed director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs by Governor Rod Blagojevich. She served in that position until February 8, 2009. While director, she was credited with starting a program to help veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and veterans with brain injuries.
On September 17, 2008, Duckworth attended a campaign event for Dan Seals, the Democratic candidate for Illinois’s 10th congressional district. She used vacation time, but violated Illinois law by going to the event in a state-owned van that was equipped for a person with physical disabilities. She acknowledged the mistake and repaid the state for the use of the van.
In 2009, two Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs employees at the Anna Veterans’ Home in Union County filed a lawsuit against Duckworth. The lawsuit alleged that she wrongfully terminated one employee and threatened and intimidated another for bringing reports of abuse and misconduct of veterans when she was head of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs. Duckworth was represented in the suit by the Illinois Attorney General’s office. The case was dismissed twice but refilings were allowed. The case settled in June 2016 for $26,000 with no admission of wrongdoing. The plaintiffs later indicated they no longer wanted to settle, but the judge gave them 21 days to sign the settlement and canceled the trial.
On February 3, 2009, President Barack Obama nominated Duckworth to be the Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). and the United States Senate confirmed her for the position on April 22. As Assistant Secretary, she coordinated a joint initiative with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to help end Veteran homelessness, worked to address the unique challenges faced by female as well as Native American Veterans and created the Office of Online Communications to improve the VA’s accessibility, especially among young Veterans. Duckworth resigned her position in June 2011 in order to launch her campaign for the U.S. House of Representatives in Illinois’s 8th congressional district.
U.S. House of Representatives
After longtime incumbent Republican Henry Hyde announced his retirement from Congress, several candidates began campaigning for the open seat. Duckworth won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 44%, defeating 2004 nominee Christine Cegelis with 40%, and Wheaton College professor Lindy Scott with 16%. State Senator Peter Roskam was unopposed in the Republican primary. For the general election, Duckworth was endorsed by EMILY’s List, a political action committee that supports female Democratic candidates who back abortion rights. Duckworth was also endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence and the Fraternal Order of Police. While she raised $4.5 million to Roskam’s $3.44 million, Duckworth lost by 4,810 votes, receiving 49% to Roskam’s 51%.
In July 2011, Duckworth launched her campaign to run in 2012 for Illinois’s 8th congressional district. She defeated former Deputy Treasurer of Illinois Raja Krishnamoorthi for the Democratic nomination on March 20, 2012, then faced incumbent Republican Joe Walsh in the general election. Duckworth received the endorsement of both the Chicago Tribune and the Daily Herald. Walsh generated controversy when in July 2012, at a campaign event, he accused Duckworth of politicizing her military service and injuries, saying “my God, that’s all she talks about. Our true heroes, the men and women who served us, it’s the last thing in the world they talk about.” Walsh called the controversy over his comments “a political ploy to distort my words and distract voters” and said that “Of course Tammy Duckworth is a hero … I have called her a hero hundreds of times.”
On November 6, 2012, Duckworth defeated Walsh 55%–45%, making her the first Asian-American from Illinois in Congress, the first woman with a disability elected to Congress, and the first member of Congress born in Thailand.
In the 2014 general election, Duckworth faced Republican Larry Kaifesh, a United States Marine Corps officer who had recently left active duty as a colonel. Duckworth defeated Kaifesh with 56% of the vote.
Duckworth was sworn into office on January 3, 2013.
On April 3, 2013, Duckworth publicly returned 8.4% ($1,218) of her congressional salary for that month to the United States Department of Treasury in solidarity with furloughed government workers.
On June 26, 2013, during a hearing of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, Duckworth received national media attention after questioning Strong Castle CEO Braulio Castillo on a $500 million government contract the company had been awarded based on Castillo’s disabled veteran status. Castillo had injured his ankle at the US Military Academy’s prep school, USMAPS, in 1984.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care and Entitlements (2013–2015)
- Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs (2013–2015)
- Subcommittee on Transportation and Public Assets, Ranking Member (2015–2017)
- Subcommittee on Information Technology (2015–2017)
- United States House Select Committee on Benghazi (May 2014–July 2016)
On March 30, 2015, Duckworth announced that she would challenge incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Mark Kirk for his seat in the 2016 Senate election in Illinois. Duckworth defeated fellow Democrats Andrea Zopp and Napoleon Harris in the primary election on March 15, 2016.
During a televised debate on October 27, 2016, Duckworth talked about her ancestors’ past service in the United States military. Kirk responded, “I’d forgotten that your parents came all the way from Thailand to serve George Washington.” The comment led to the Human Rights Campaign withdrawing their endorsement of Kirk and switching it to Duckworth, stating his comments were “deeply offensive and racist.”
Duckworth was endorsed by Barack Obama, who actively campaigned for her.
On November 8, Duckworth defeated Kirk 54 percent to 40 percent to win the Senate seat. Duckworth and Kamala Harris, who was also elected in 2016, are the second and third female Asian American senators, after Mazie Hirono who was elected in 2012.
According to The Center for Effective Lawmaking (CEL), a joint partnership between the University of Virginia’s Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Vanderbilt University, Duckworth’s “Legislative Effectiveness Score” (LES) is “Exceeds Expectations” as a freshman senator in the 115th Congress (2017–2018), the 11th highest out of 48 Democratic senators.
GovTrack’s Report Card on Duckworth for the 115th Congress found that among Senate freshmen, she ranked first in favorably reporting bills out of committee and “Got influential cosponsors the most often compared to Senate freshmen.” GovTrack also found that in the first session of the 116th Congress, Duckworth ranked first in favorably reporting bills out of committee and “Got influential cosponsors the most often compared to Senate sophomores.”
During the 115th Congress, Duckworth was credited with saving the Americans with Disabilities Act. Specifically, she led public opposition to a controversial bill, H.R. 620, and led 42 senators in pledging to oppose any effort to pass H.R. 620 through the Senate. The Veterans Service Organization and Paralyzed Veterans of America recognized Duckworth’s leadership in defending the Americans with Disabilities Act.
In January 2018, when the federal government shut down after the Senate could not agree on a funding bill, Duckworth responded to President Trump’s accusations that the Democrats were putting “unlawful immigrants” ahead of the military:
I spent my entire adult life looking out for the well-being, the training, the equipping of the troops for whom I was responsible. Sadly, this is something that the current occupant of the Oval Office does not seem to care to do—and I will not be lectured about what our military needs by a five-deferment draft dodger. And I have a message for Cadet Bone Spurs: If you cared about our military, you’d stop baiting Kim Jong Un into a war that could put 85,000 American troops, and millions of innocent civilians, in danger.
In 2018, Duckworth became the first U.S. senator to give birth while in office. Shortly afterward, the Senate passed Senate Resolution 463, which Duckworth introduced on April 12, 2018, by unanimous consent. The resolution changed Senate rules so that a senator may bring a child under one year old to the Senate floor during votes. The day after the rules were changed, Duckworth’s daughter became the first baby on the Senate floor.
Duckworth was publicly critical of Trump’s decision to nominate Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court in September 2020. Barrett, a devout Catholic, is a member of a group that considers in vitro fertilization morally illicit. Duckworth said that Barrett’s membership in such an organization was “disqualifying and, frankly, insulting to every parent”. Both of Duckworth’s children were conceived by IVF.
The Center for Effective Lawmaking, a joint initiative of the University of Virginia and Vanderbilt University, ranked Duckworth the fifth most effective Democratic senator in the 116th Congress and the most effective Democratic senator on transportation policy. Professors Craig Volden and Alan Wiseman, co-directors of the Center for Effective Lawmaking, stated, “While still in her first term, Senator Tammy Duckworth has risen to the top five among effective Democratic lawmakers in the Senate. She sponsored 77 bills in the 116th Congress, with four of them passing the Republican-controlled Senate and two becoming law.”
Duckworth was participating in the certification of the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count when Trump supporters stormed the U.S. Capitol. In the wake of the attack, Duckworth called Trump “a threat to our nation” and called for his immediate removal from office through the invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution or impeachment. Two days later, on January 8, she also called for the resignation of Representative Mary Miller, who had quoted Adolf Hitler during a speech on January 5.
- Committee on Armed Services (2019–present)
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance and Data Security
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (2017–2019)
Duckworth has spoken at the 2008, 2012, 2016, and 2020 Democratic National Conventions. She was the permanent co-chair of the 2020 Democratic National Convention. At the 2020 convention she called Trump “coward-in-chief” for not supporting the American military.
Duckworth was vetted as a possible running mate during Joe Biden‘s vice presidential candidate selection. Fellow U.S. Senator Kamala Harris was instead selected. Biden nominated Duckworth to serve as Vice Chair of the Democratic National Committee, along with Gretchen Whitmer, Keisha Lance Bottoms and Filemon Vela Jr.
In April 2019, Duckworth was one of 12 senators to sign a bipartisan letter to top senators on the Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development advocating that the Energy Department be granted maximum funding for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), arguing that American job growth could be stimulated by investment in viable options to capture carbon emissions and expressing disagreement with Trump’s 2020 budget request to combine the two federal programs that include carbon capture research.
During her unsuccessful congressional campaign in 2006, Duckworth called on Congress to audit the estimated $437 billion spent on overseas military and foreign aid since September 11, 2001.
In October 2006, The Sunday Times reported that Duckworth agreed with General Sir Richard Dannatt, the British Army chief, that the presence of coalition troops was exacerbating the conflict in Iraq.
Duckworth supports continued U.S. military aid to Israel and opposes the movement for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel. She voiced her opposition to Israel’s plan to annex parts of the occupied West Bank.
In May 2019, Duckworth was a cosponsor of the South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act, a bipartisan bill reintroduced by Marco Rubio and Ben Cardin that was intended to disrupt China‘s consolidation or expansion of its claims of jurisdiction over both the sea and air space in disputed zones in the South China Sea.
On June 6, 2021, Duckworth and Senators Dan Sullivan and Christopher Coons visited Taipei in an U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III transport to meet President Tsai Ing-wen and Minister Joseph Wu during the pandemic outbreak of Taiwan to announce President Joe Biden‘s donation plan of 750,000 COVID-19 vaccines included in the global COVAX program.
Duckworth was rated by the National Rifle Association as having a pro-gun control congressional voting record. Duckworth, who is a gun owner herself, cites violence in Chicago as a major influence for her support of gun control. She supports universal background checks and the halting of state-to-state gun trafficking.
Duckworth participated in the 2016 Chris Murphy gun control filibuster. During the sit-in, Duckworth hid her mobile phone in her prosthetic leg to avoid it being taken away from her since taking pictures and recording on the House floor is against policy.
In a 2016 interview with GQ magazine, Duckworth stated that gaining control of the Senate and “closing the gap” in the House would be necessary in order to pass common sense gun laws. She also stated that she believed moderate Republicans, who support common sense gun control, would have more power to influence gun control if they were not “pushed aside by those folks who are absolutely beholden to the NRA. And so we never get the vote.”
Duckworth supports comprehensive immigration reform with a pathway to citizenship for those in the country illegally. She would admit 100,000 Syrian refugees into the United States.
In August 2018, Duckworth was one of seventeen senators to sign a letter spearheaded by Kamala Harris to United States Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen demanding that the Trump administration take immediate action in attempting to reunite 539 migrant children with their families, citing each passing day of inaction as intensifying “trauma that this administration has needlessly caused for children and their families seeking humanitarian protection.”
|Democratic||L. Tammy Duckworth||14,283||43.85|
|Republican||Peter J. Roskam||91,382||51.35|
|Democratic||L. Tammy Duckworth||86,572||48.65|
|Write-in votes||Patricia Elaine Beard||3||0.00|
|Republican||Joe Walsh (incumbent)||101,860||45.26|
|Democratic||Tammy Duckworth (incumbent)||84,178||55.73|
|Democratic||Patricia Elaine Beard||1||0.00|
|Republican||Mark Steven Kirk (incumbent)||2,184,692||39.78|
|Write-in votes||Chad Koppie||408||0.01|
|Write-in votes||Jim Brown||106||0.00|
|Write-in votes||Christopher Aguayo||77||0.00|
|Write-in votes||Susana Sandoval||42||0.00|
|Write-in votes||Eric Kufi James Stewart||5||0.00|
|Write-in votes||Patricia Beard||1||0.00|
|Democratic||Nancy Pelosi* (CA-12)||216||50.2%|
|Republican||Kevin McCarthy (CA-23)||209||48.6%|
|Democratic||Hakeem Jeffries (NY-8)||1||0.2%|
Awards and accolades
In May 2010, Duckworth was awarded the Honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL) by Northern Illinois University. In 2011, Chicago’s Access Living honored Duckworth for her work on behalf of veterans with disabilities, bestowing her with the Gordon H. Mansfield Congressional Leadership Award.
Duckworth is heavily decorated for her service in Iraq, with over 10 distinct military honors, most notably the Purple Heart, an award her Marine father had also received.
Former Republican presidential candidate and Senator from Kansas Bob Dole dedicated his autobiography One Soldier’s Story in part to Duckworth. Duckworth credits Dole for inspiring her to pursue public service, while she recuperated at Walter Reed Army Medical Center; although, in 2006, Dole endorsed Duckworth’s Republican opponent, Peter Roskam.
Duckworth has been married to Bryan Bowlsbey since 1993. They met during Duckworth’s participation in the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps and later served together in the Illinois Army National Guard. Bowlsbey, a Signal Corps officer, is also a veteran of the Iraq War. Both have since retired from the armed forces.
Duckworth and Bowlsbey have two daughters: Abigail, who was born in 2014, and Maile, born in 2018. Maile’s birth made Duckworth the first U.S. Senator to give birth while in office. Former senator Daniel Akaka helped the couple with the naming of both daughters; Akaka died April 6, 2018, three days before Maile was born. Shortly after Maile’s birth, a Senate rule change permitted senators to bring children under one year old on the Senate floor to breastfeed. This was a symbolic moment for Duckworth, as she had previously introduced the bipartisan Friendly Airports for Mothers (FAM) Act to ensure new mothers access to safe, clean and accessible lactation rooms in airports. The day after the rule change, Duckworth brought Maile with her during the casting of a Senate vote, making Duckworth the first senator to cast a vote while holding a baby.
Duckworth helped establish the Intrepid Foundation to help injured veterans.
- Every Day is a Gift: A Memoir, Little, Brown & Company, 2021.
- “ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ให้แก่ชาวต่างประเทศ (พันตรีหญิง ลัดดา แทมมี ดั๊กเวิร์ด)” [Announcement of the Prime Minister’s Office on granting decorations to foreigners (Major Ladda Tammy Duckworth)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). January 15, 2010.
- Duckworth, Ladda Tammy; Iskra, Darlene. “Ladda Tammy Duckworth Collection” – via memory.loc.gov.
- O’Toole, Molly (May 14, 2012). “Unseen: Trailblazing Military Women Forced To Fight For Recognition, Equal Treatment”. The Huffington Post.
- House, Jennifer Bendery (November 8, 2016). “Tammy Duckworth Takes Back Obama’s Illinois Senate Seat For Democrats”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Faulder, Dominic; Fang, Alex (July 30, 2020). “Asia watches as Bangkok-born Tammy Duckworth rises in US politics”. Nikkei Asia. Tokyo, Kapan.
- Geraghty, Jim (July 10, 2020). “Tammy Duckworth Is Auditioning to Be Biden’s Running Mate”. National Review. New York, NY.
- Maskell, Jack (November 14, 2011). “Qualifications for President and the “Natural Born” Citizenship Eligibility Requirement” (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. p. i.
The weight of legal and historical authority indicates that the term “natural born” citizen would mean a person who is entitled to U.S. citizenship “by birth” or “at birth,” either by being born “in” the United States and under its jurisdiction, even those born to alien parents; by being born abroad to U.S. citizen-parents; or by being born in other situations meeting legal requirements for U.S. citizenship “at birth.”
- O’Connor, Phillip (June 21, 2005). “Downed pilot finally hears uplifting words she awaited”. STLtoday.com. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- O’Connor, Phillip (June 19, 2005). “Pilot flew Black Hawks to serve her country – and please her father”. STLtoday.com. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Kravitz, Derek. “Yes, Tammy Duckworth’s Family Has Served in the Military for Centuries”. ProPublica. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- Adam Weinstein (September–October 2012). “Nobody Puts Tammy Duckworth in a Corner”. Mother Jones. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- O’Connor, Joseph; Nguyen, Son (August 24, 2019). “US Senator is a woman who speaks Thai – Tammy Duckworth visits Thailand to foster American ties”. Thai Examiner. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- Chase, John (November 9, 2016). “Duckworth reaches pinnacle of Senate nearly 12 years to day after Iraq crash”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Felsenthal, Carol (May 11, 2012). “‘Nothing to Lose’: Tammy Duckworth on Her Quest to Go to Congress”. Chicago. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- “JIS Alumni”. Jakarta Intercultural School. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- “Mau Sekolah Gratis di JIS? Begini Caranya”. SkyeGrid Media (in Indonesian). Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- Daranciang, Nelson (October 19, 2007). “Duckworth still stands strong”. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Honolulu, HI.
- Duckworth, Tammy (2021). Every Day Is a Gift: A Memoir. New York, NY: Hachette Book Group. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-5387-1849-0 – via Google Books.
- “Girl Scouts Welcomes All Alums Who Have Earned Its Highest Award into the Gold Award Girl Scout Family”. Girl Scouts of the USA. Retrieved December 20, 2020.
- Will Hoover (January 15, 2006). “Duckworth working to win”. The Honolulu Advertiser.
- “U.S. Sen. Tammy Duckworth to Deliver GW Commencement Address”. GW Today. Washington, DC. February 21, 2017.
- “Tammy Duckworth receives honorary doctoral degree from NIU”. NIU Today. DeKalb, IL. June 2, 2010.
- “Countdown to commencement”. capella.edu. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015.
- Haskall, Bob (January 6, 2005). “U.S. Army National Guard Maj. Tammy Duckworth: Illinois Guard officer faces adversity with courage, concern for troops”. Defend America. U.S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on July 11, 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Irwin, James (May 12, 2014). “University Honors Alumna Rep. Tammy Duckworth”. GW Today. George Washington University. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Felder, Deborah G. (February 1, 2020). The American Women’s Almanac: 500 Years of Making History. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 9781578597116. Retrieved July 7, 2020 – via Google Books.
- Hirst, Ellen Jean (January 24, 2013). “Local female veterans take sides on women in combat”. Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL.
- Paulson, Amanda (February 22, 2006). “For veteran Tammy Duckworth, latest fight is for a House seat”. Retrieved October 28, 2016 – via Christian Science Monitor.
- “Illinois lieutenant governor honors Rotary Centennial and RI employee”. Rotary International. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
- Davey, Monica (November 28, 2008). “The New Team: Tammy Duckworth”. The New York Times. New York, NY.
- Sexton, Connie; Camire, Dennis (March 17, 2005). “Can-do spirit rises from crash”. Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Shane, Leo, III (June 14, 2005). “The pedals were gone, and so were my legs”. Stars and Stripes.
- Toth, Catherine E. (October 18, 2007). “Hawaii school honoring Iraq war vet grad”. The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, HI.
- “Duckworth Retires”. Public Affairs Office, Illinois National Guard. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- “Mount Vernon Statue Honors Women Vets, Maj. Tammy Duckworth”. www.facebook.com. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- “Director L. Tammy Duckworth: Committed to Serving Country and Community”. Illinois Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Archived from the original on October 27, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
- Sweet, Lynn (November 21, 2006). “Gov picks Duckworth for Veterans Affairs”. Chicago Sun-Times.
- Abramson, Mark (October 20, 2008). “Veterans’ advocate promotes PTSD site”. Stars and Stripes.
- Kuczka, Susan (September 18, 2008). “Official admits error using state van; Tammy Duckworth took time off from job as state Veterans Affairs director to attend a campaign event but ran into controversy”. Chicago Tribune. p. 1.
- “Employee lawsuit pops up in Walsh-Duckworth race”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Kurt Erickson. “Duckworth whistleblower trial date set”. The Quad-City Times. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- “Morning Spin: Judge sets May date in Duckworth ‘retaliation’ lawsuit”. Chicago Tribune. March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- Pearson, Rick (June 24, 2016). “Workplace lawsuit against Tammy Duckworth settled”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
- “Judge allows workplace case against Tammy Duckworth to go to trial”. Chicago Tribune. May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Team, Fox Illinois News (August 5, 2016). “Judge Vacates Rep. Duckworth’s Lawsuit”.
- “Duckworth lawsuit not going to trial Monday”. August 12, 2016.
- “Duckworth Tapped for VA Assistant Secretary” (Press release). United States Department of Veterans Affairs. February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2009.
- “Senate Confirms Duckworth’s Federal Nomination”. Associated Press. April 23, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- “About Tammy | U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth of Illinois”. www.duckworth.senate.gov. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
- “Tammy Duckworth Resigns At VA, Illinois Congressional Run Could Be In The Cards”. The Huffington Post. June 14, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Zeleny, Jeff; Biemer, John (May 12, 2006). “Duckworth praised for stance on abortion: EMILY’S List backs congressional hopeful”. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
- Biemer, John; Parsons, Christi (October 11, 2006). “Gun law heats up race for Congress”. Chicago Tribune.
- Krol, Eric (October 11, 2006). “Duckworth takes aim at Roskam gun record”. Daily Herald.
- “Election 2006 Results: State Races, Illinois”. CNN. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Sneed, Michael (July 6, 2011). “Tammy Duckworth running for Congress again, in redrawn 8th”. Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- Editorial board (October 8, 2012). “For the House: Duckworth”. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012.
- Editorial board (October 8, 2012). “Endorsement: Duckworth over Walsh in 8th Congressional District”. Daily Herald.
- Skiba, Katherine (July 3, 2012). “Walsh defends remarks on whether Duckworth is true hero”. Chicago Tribune.
- “Duckworth Defeats Rep. Walsh In 8th Congressional”. CBS Chicago. November 2012. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Duaa Eldeib (November 10, 2012). “Duckworth the first Asian-American from Illinois in Congress”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- “Tammy Duckworth: The mother making history in the US Senate”. BBC News. January 27, 2018. Archived from the original on March 19, 2020. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Swenson, Kyle (January 27, 2018). “Tammy Duckworth will be the Senate’s first new mom, but she already has a record of blazing trails”. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 24, 2018. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Hinz, Greg (November 4, 2013). “Marine veteran to take on U.S. Rep. Duckworth”. Crain’s Chicago Business. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- “Illinois General Election 2014”. Illinois State Board of Elections. November 4, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- Santostefano, Melanie (January 5, 2013). “Tammy Duckworth Sworn in to Congress”. Palatine Patch. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Kiene, Chelsea (April 4, 2013). “Tammy Duckworth Returns Portion Of Salary In Sequestration Solidarity”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Graham, D. A. (June 27, 2013). “Tammy Duckworth’s Impassioned Shaming of a Faux-Disabled Vet”. The Atlantic. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Thompson, M. (June 27, 2013). “Service-Connected Dissembling”. Time. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- “Duckworth Scolds Contractor Over Phony “War Wound““.
- Gallardo, Michelle (March 30, 2015). “Tammy Duckworth Running Against Mark Kirk for US Senate”. Chicago ABC 7 Eyewitness News. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- Jordan, Karen (March 16, 2016). “Duckworth, Kirk win Illinois US Senate Primaries”. Chicago ABC 7 Eyewitness News. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Morin, Rebecca (October 29, 2016). “Human Rights Campaign revokes Mark Kirk endorsement”. Politico. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- “HRC Revokes Endorsement Following Racist Comments of Senator Mark Kirk”. Human Rights Campaign. October 29, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- “Obama’s appearance with this Illinois Senate candidate may be the exception and not the rule”. Washington Post. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
- Pearson, Rick (November 9, 2016). “Duckworth claims victory over Kirk in U.S. Senate race”. Chicago Tribune. ISSN 2165-171X. OCLC 7960243. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- “The Center for Effective Lawmaking”. University of Virginia & Vanderbilt University. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
- “Highlights from the New 115th Congress Legislative Effectiveness Scores”. The Center for Effective Lawmaking. February 27, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
Finally, we note those new freshmen lawmakers who are off to a promising start in their first two years, scoring in our “Exceeds Expectations” category in their first term in office. Research suggests that performance in a lawmaker’s freshman term is highly correlated with subsequent lawmaking effectiveness, as well as with their overall career trajectory.
Among them are two Senators (out of the eleven Senators in their freshman class), John Kennedy of Louisiana and Tammy Duckworth of Illinois. Kennedy sponsored 26 bills, including four that passed the Senate and eventually became law, on issues ranging from national flood insurance and small business disaster loans to mandatory disclosure of corrupt practices among lobbyists. Duckworth shepherded three of her 45 proposed bills into law, including the Veterans Small Business Enhancement Act of 2018.
- “Sen. Tammy Duckworth’s 2018 Report Card”. GovTrack. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- “Sen. Tammy Duckworth’s 2019 Report Card”. GovTrack. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- Powell, Robyn (April 3, 2018). “Sen. Tammy Duckworth Saves the Americans With Disabilities Act—For Now”. Rewire.News. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- Duckworth, Tammy (October 17, 2017). “Congress wants to make Americans with disabilities second-class citizens again”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- Duckworth, Tammy (March 28, 2018). “Joint Letter to Majority Leader Opposing H.R. 620” (PDF). Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- “PVA announces Senator Duckworth as recipient of 2019 Gordon Mansfield Congressional Leadership Award”. Paralyzed Veterans of America. September 17, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
- Carter, Brandon (January 20, 2018). “Duckworth slams Trump: I won’t be lectured on military needs by a ‘five-deferment draft dodger‘“. The Hill. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- Wamsley, Laurel (April 9, 2018). “Tammy Duckworth Becomes First U.S. Senator To Give Birth While In Office”. NPR. Archived from the original on April 9, 2018. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Serfaty, Sunlen (April 17, 2018). “Duckworth proposes rule allowing babies on Senate floor”. CNN. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
- Serfaty, Sunlen (April 19, 2018). “Babies now allowed on Senate floor after rule change”. CNN.
- Viebeck, Elise (April 20, 2018). “A duckling onesie and a blazer: The Senate floor sees its first baby, but many traditions stand”. The Washington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
- Levine, Marianne; Ferris, Sarah; Zanona, Melanie (April 16, 2020). “White House taps members of Congress to advise on reopening economy”. Politico. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- “Democratic US Senator opposes Amy Coney Barrett confirmation over IVF”. Catholic News Agency. October 7, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
- “Highlights from the New 116th Congress Legislative Effectiveness Scores”.
Sen. Tammy Duckworth is also in her first term as a U.S. Senator. Looking back to the previous Congress, it is worth noting that she was one of only two freshmen Senators in the 115th Congress who was designated to be in our “Exceeds Expectations” categories, and she continues to retain that rating into the 116th Congress, in which she rounds out the top five most effective Democratic lawmakers in the Senate.
- “DUCKWORTH AMONG CENTER FOR EFFECTIVE LAWMAKING’S “MOST EFFECTIVE” DEMOCRATIC SENATORS”. March 11, 2021.
- Bremer, Shelby (January 8, 2021). “16 Members of Congress From Illinois Support Trump’s Removal From Office”. NBC Chicago. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- Kapos, Shia (January 8, 2021). “Freshman lawmaker hit with colleagues’ fury after Hitler comments”. POLITICO. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- “Members”. Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
- “Conventions 2008 – the Democrats”. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Burns, Alexander (August 21, 2012). “Ledbetter, Baldwin, Longoria to address Dem convention”. Politico. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Pearson, Rick (September 4, 2012). “Duckworth touts Obama record at DNC convention”. articles.chicagotribune.com. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- “Democratic National Convention Announces 2020 Convention Officers, Schedule of Events”. 2020 Democratic National Convention. July 30, 2020. Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- Carney, Jordain (August 20, 2020). “Duckworth blasts Trump as ‘coward in chief‘“. The Hill. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Tammy Duckworth (August 20, 2020). Duckworth calls Trump ‘coward in chief’. Politico. Event occurs at 2:07. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Reston, Maeve (August 2, 2020). “Top Biden VP contenders face sexist tropes, intense scrutiny in final stretch”. CNN.
- Dan Merica, Jeff Zeleny and Kate Sullivan (January 14, 2021). “Biden names Jaime Harrison as his pick for DNC chair”. CNN.
- Green, Miranda (April 5, 2019). “Bipartisan senators want ‘highest possible’ funding for carbon capture technology”. The Hill.
- Pat Corcoran (August 17, 2006). “Duckworth calls for investigation of foreign spending since 9/11”. Northbrook Star. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006.
- Biemer, John (October 1, 2006). “Duckworth: Bush has slogans, not strategies on Iraq”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Baxter, Sarah (October 22, 2006). “War heroine leads Democrat charge”. The Sunday Times.
- “Illinois’s Jewish community praises VP contender Tammy Duckworth”. Jewish Insider. July 29, 2020.
- Mr. Rubio (for himself, Mr. Cardin, Mr. Cotton, Mr. Kaine, Mr. Young, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Hawley, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Scott of Florida, Mr. Manchin, Mrs. Blackburn, Ms. Duckworth, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Jones, and Mr. Romney) (May 23, 2019). “Text – S.1634 – 116th Congress (2019-2020): South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act of 2019 – Congress.gov – Library of Congress”. Congress.gov. 116th United States Congress. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
A BILL To impose sanctions with respect to the People’s Republic of China in relation to activities in the South China Sea and the East China Sea, and for other purposes.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Ghosh, Nirmal (May 24, 2019). “US Bill reintroduced to deter China in South China, East China seas”. The Straits Times.
- Blanchard, Ben (June 6, 2021). “U.S. boosts Taiwan’s COVID-19 fight with vaccines as senators visit”. Reuters. Taipei. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
- Taijing Wu; Zen Soo (June 6, 2021). “US senators promise vaccines for Taiwan amid China row”. The Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- “Tammy Duckworth on Gun Control”. On The Issues. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Nelson, Rebecca (September 29, 2016). “The Dark Humor of Tammy Duckworth, Iraq War Hero and Gun Control Advocate”. GQ. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Slevin, Peter (February 19, 2006). “After War Injury, an Iraq Vet Takes on Politics”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Pathe, Simone (August 25, 2015). “Another Democrat Gets in Race to Replace Duckworth”. Roll Call. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Skiba, Katherine (March 3, 2016). “Duckworth’s rebound paved by help from Democrats in high places”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Weixel, Nathaniel (August 15, 2018). “Senate Dems demand immediate reunification of remaining separated children”. The Hill.
- “Election Results 2006 GENERAL PRIMARY”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- “Election Results 2006 General Election”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “Election Results 2012 GENERAL PRIMARY”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “Election Results 2012 General Election”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- “Election Results 2014 General Election”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- “Election Results 2016 GENERAL PRIMARY”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- “Election Results 2016 General Election”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 6, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “NIU to award honorary degree to ‘a true American hero‘“. Northern Illinois University. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- “Honorary Degrees Recipients – NIU – Division of Academic Affairs”. Northern Illinois University.
- Meyer, Karen (June 19, 2007). “Duckworth to be honored for commitment to disabled veterans”. ABC-7 Chicago. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Sneed, Michael (August 20, 2006). “Did you know”. Chicago Sun-Times.
- Biemer, John (September 29, 2006). “Dole makes it clear: He backs Roskam over Duckworth”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 20, 2006.
- Fergus, Mary Ann (June 29, 2007). “Duckworth on homefront as husband off to war”. Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL.
- Brown, Mark (February 14, 2007). “Duckworth’s husband Iraq-bound”. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 24, 2007. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Laviola, Erin (August 20, 2020). “Tammy Duckworth’s Husband, Bryan Bowlsbey: 5 Fast Facts”. Heavy.com. New York, NY.
- Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). “Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Anapol, Avery (April 9, 2018). “Duckworth gives birth to baby girl”. TheHill. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
- Stevens, Heidi (January 24, 2018). “Tammy Duckworth expecting 2nd child; will be 1st sitting senator to give birth”. chicagotribune.com. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Stack, Liam (April 9, 2018). “Tammy Duckworth Becomes First U.S. Senator to Give Birth While in Office”. The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Haglund, Alex (June 27, 2011). “Duckworth, Pitcher honored along with all women veterans in Mt. Vernon”. Advocate-Press. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- Senator Tammy Duckworth official U.S. Senate website
- Tammy Duckworth for Senate official campaign website
- Tammy Duckworth at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Front & Center with John Callaway: Returning Veterans: How Warm A Welcome? at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library, July 12, 2007
Readiness and Management Support
Tourism, Trade, and Export Promotion