Current Position: US Representative for IL District 12 since 2015
Former Position(s): State Delegate from 1995 – 2015
“I am a true believer that local control is better. I believe that our school boards should be able to make decisions on their own. I am not a big government person, and the only concern I have is that the fact is, the governor is taking a very strong step for local control,” Bost said.
Bost Speaks Against H.R. 1 mar. 6, 2021
bost.house.gov – September 24, 2021 (Short)
WASHINGTON, D.C. – U.S. Representative Mike Bost (IL-12) today voted against House Democrats’ legislation to federalize state election laws, establish the Attorney General as an “elections czar,” and give the Biden Administration the authority to veto states’ voter ID laws.
“Earlier this year, the Washington Democrats failed to get their federal election takeover signed into law, so they are trying once again,” said Bost. “The Supreme Court has ruled that the U.S. Constitution provides each state the right to regulate their own elections, not the federal government. This is a fundamental principle of federalism. We can all agree on the importance of ensuring the integrity of our elections, but what House Democrats want is to nationalize our state and local elections and give unelected Washington bureaucrats power over state election laws.”
Source: Government page
Rep. Mike Bost is proud to represent the 12 counties of Illinois’ 12th District in the U.S. House of Representatives. Sworn into office on January 6, 2015, Mike is continuing the fight for our Southern Illinois’ values in Washington – a fight he began in U.S. military, then as a first responder, a local job creator, and a state representative.
In the 117th Congress, Rep. Bost serves on two key committees: Veterans’ Affairs, and Transportation & Infrastructure. On the Veterans’ Affairs Committee he serves as the Ranking Member, the top Republican on the Committee.
Prior to his election to Congress, Rep. Bost served for two decades in the Illinois House of Representatives, rising to the leadership position of House Republican Caucus Chair.
Rep. Bost also served as a firefighter for the Murphysboro Fire Department. He graduated from the University of Illinois’ Certified Firefighter II Academy in 1993 and continued to serve the Murphysboro Fire Department during his six terms as state representative. Prior to that, Rep. Bost worked for 13 years at Bost Trucking Service, first as a driver and then for 10 years as a truck manager.
Rep. Bost is a lifelong resident of Murphysboro. He graduated from Murphysboro High School in 1979. After high school, he enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps serving his country from 1979 to 1982. He was trained as an electronic specialist and radar repairman and received an honorable discharge as a Corporal E-4.
In addition to his duties as a Member of Congress, Rep. Bost is very active in his church and community. Rep. Bost and his wife, Tracy, own and operate a small business – the White House Salon – in Murphysboro.
Mike and Tracy have three children – Steven, Kasey Fred and Kaitlin Rose. They have two sons-in-law, Travis Fred and Chad Rose, a daughter-in-law, Betsy, and eleven grandchildren.
- Bipartisan Congressional Pro-Life Caucus
- Caucus for the Human Bond
- Congressional Addition, Treatment, and Recovery Caucus
- Congressional Air Force Caucus
- Congressional Automotive Performance and Motorsports Caucus
- Congressional Biofuels Caucus
- Congressional Border Security Caucus
- Congressional Chemistry Caucus
- Congressional Congenital Heart Caucus
- Congressional Corrosion Prevention Caucus
- Congressional Defense Communities Caucus
- Congressional Diabetes Caucus
- Congressional Dyslexia Caucus
- Congressional Farmer’s Cooperative Caucus
- Congressional Fertilizer Caucus
- Congressional Fire Services Caucus – Co-Chairman
- Congressional House Manufacturing Caucus
- Congressional Long Range Strike Caucus
- Congressional Mississippi River Caucus
- Congressional Motorsports Caucus
- Congressional National Guard & Reserve Components Caucus
- Congressional Pilots Caucus
- Congressional Rural Broadband Caucus
- Congressional Sportsmen’s Caucus
- Congressional Steel Caucus – Vice Chairman
- Congressional Tuesday Group
- Congressional Veterans Job Caucus
- Congressional Youth ChalleNGe Caucus
- House Congressional Mobility Air Forces Caucus
- House General Aviation Caucus
- House Republican Policy Committee
- House Republican Study Committee
- House Rural Education Caucus
- House Rural Health Care Coalition
- Republican Main Street Partnership
- United Service Organizations Congressional Caucus
Phone: (202) 225-5661
Fax: (202) 225-0285
Phone: (618) 622-0766
Fax: (618) 622-0774
Phone: (618) 457-5787
Fax: (618) 457-2990
Michael Joseph Bost (//; born December 30, 1960) is an American politician. A member of the Republican Party, he has served as the U.S. Representative for Illinois’s 12th congressional district since 2015. From 1995 to 2015, Bost was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, representing the 115th district. Prior to holding elected office, Bost was a firefighter.
Early life and career
Bost was raised Baptist and graduated from Murphysboro High School. He attended the University of Illinois Certified Firefighter II Academy, later becoming a firefighter. He served in the United States Marine Corps from 1979 to 1982.
Bost ran his family’s trucking business for ten years. Since 1989, Bost and his wife Tracy have owned and operated White House Beauty Salon in Murphysboro.
Bost was a member of the Jackson County Board from 1984 to 1988, the treasurer of Murphysboro Township from 1989 to 1992, and trustee of Murphysboro Township from 1993 to 1995, until his election to the Illinois House of Representatives.
Illinois State Legislature
Bost was first elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in November 1994, having lost his first campaign in 1992. In his 1994 campaign against incumbent Gerald Hawkins, he was endorsed by the Chicago Tribune.
During the 2008 Republican Party presidential primaries, Bost worked on behalf of the presidential campaign of former U.S. Senator Fred Thompson serving as a congressional district chair for Illinois’s 12th congressional district.
In May 2012, members of the Illinois House were given just 20 minutes to review and vote on a 200-page pension overhaul bill that had been revised at the last minute. Displeased with the situation, Bost exploded on the House floor, saying “These damn bills that come out of here all the damn time…at the last second and I’ve got to try figure out how to vote for my people!…[e]nough! I feel like somebody trying to be released from Egypt! Let my people go!” An opponent ran ads focusing on Bost’s anger, but many voters, according to NPR, “see his fury as well-placed.” Bost’s rant earned him the runner-up spot on CNN‘s list of “Best Celebrity Flip-Outs of All-Time”. Bost joked about his inclusion on the list, saying “I thought I was going to be No. 1.” He later said he had been “angry at how legislators pushed a bill through and how Governor Pat Quinn was running Illinois.”
In November 2013, Bost presented fellow U.S. Marine Archibald Mosley with Illinois House Resolution 706 for his lifetime accomplishments, including being among the first African-Americans to serve in the U.S. Marines. The presentation was part of a NAACP program.
Bost served on the following state legislative committees:
- Appropriations-Higher Education
- Higher Education
- Public Utilities
U.S. House of Representatives
In 2014 Bost ran for U.S. Congress in Illinois’s 12th congressional district. He was unopposed in the Republican primary, and faced incumbent Democratic Representative William Enyart in the general election.
Illinois’s largely agricultural 12th district was historically Democratic-leaning, but had been trending Republican, with President Obama having carried it by only 2 percentage points in his 2012 bid. Enyart was considered vulnerable due to being a freshman member in a competitive seat. Additionally, Democratic Governor Pat Quinn, who was running for reelection in 2014, was unpopular in the district. The Cook Political Report rated the race a “Toss Up” and the National Journal ranked the district the 21st most likely to flip Republican in 2014.
Bost said he ran because “the federal government has basically blown everything they are doing right now.” He says he intended to fight for job growth and immigration reform. Bost challenged Enyart to as many as a dozen debates.
Bost won the election with 53% of the vote to Enyart’s 42%, with independent candidate Paula Bradshaw taking 6%. He won primarily by dominating the areas of the district outside the St. Louis suburbs, taking all but three of the district’s 12 counties. He also benefited from the coattails of Bruce Rauner‘s successful run for governor; Rauner carried every county in the district.
After being elected to the House, Bost said he did not plan to acquire a second residence, but would sleep in his office while in Washington.
Bost ran for reelection in 2016. He was unopposed in the Republican primary, and faced Democrat C.J. Baricevic and Green Party candidate Paula Bradshaw in the general election. Bost won the general election on November 8 with 54% of the vote.
Bost was endorsed by the Illinois Education Association, Illinois’s largest labor union. In its endorsement, the union cited Bost’s “strong record in support of public education in the Metro East and Southern Illinois.”
Bost ran for and won re-election in 2018. In the Republican primary, he defeated challenger Preston Nelson with 83.5% of the vote. In the general election, Bost defeated Democratic nominee Brendan Kelly. Bost received 51.8% of the vote to Kelly’s 45.2%, with Green Party candidate Randy Auxier taking 3%.
Bost was sworn into office on January 6, 2015.
In November 2014, Bost described President Obama, his former colleague in the Illinois legislature, as a “fluke” and said that “nobody ever thought he was going to rise.” He recalled a time when Obama, speaking to a group of reporters as Bost walked by, had said to them: “There you have it, one of the rich Republicans.” Bost purportedly responded, “that just proves you don’t know me at all.” He said that was his last exchange with Obama.
After James Hodgkinson shot at GOP congressmen who were playing baseball in Virginia on June 14, 2017, injuring Steve Scalise, Bost said that his office has previously received phone calls from the attacker. “He’s contacted us just about 10 times, on every issue,” Bost said. “(He) was argumentative, but never threatening.”
At a March 2017 meeting with editors of the Southern Illinoisan, Bost said that he did not do “town halls” because they had become too combative. “You know the cleansing that the Orientals used to do where you’d put one person out in front and 900 people yell at them? That’s not what we need. We need to have meetings with people that are productive.” His use of the word “Orientals” made national headlines. Bost apologized, saying he had “used a poor choice of words.” His spokesman said that Bost had been referring to public humiliation sessions during China‘s Cultural Revolution.
In April 2016, a Bost bill to change how the government defines farms and ranches as small businesses passed the U.S. House with bipartisan support.
At a March 2017 “telephone town hall,” Bost spoke about health care with several constituents who criticized Obamacare. Bost expressed support for the new American Health Care Act, saying, “doing nothing is not an option.” He promised the new bill did not portend a return to pre-Obama health care. “It’s not intended to go back to what it was prior to the Affordable Care Act,” Bost said. “We have to move forward because the system is collapsing.” He also praised “plans to strip money from Planned Parenthood and shift it to local health departments that help with women’s needs.”
Bost voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Bost believes the bill will enable businesses to compete globally and therefore will improve the economy. The individual tax cuts expire in 2022. Bost wants to make them permanent.
In December 2017, Bost signed a letter requesting that two education-related portions of the Internal Revenue code, one providing tuition breaks and the other incentivizing employees “to accept tax-free educational assistance from employers,” be left unchanged in the new tax bill. The letter pointed out that seven out of ten college students graduate with student loan debt, which “harms our economy because it prevents many young adults from buying a house, purchasing a car or saving for retirement.”
Bost has a “D” rating from marijuana legalization advocacy organization the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes.
Texas v. Pennsylvania
In December 2020, Bost was one of 126 Republican members of the House of Representatives who signed an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden prevailed over incumbent Donald Trump. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of the election held by another state.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of “election subversion.” Additionally, Pelosi reprimanded Bost and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: “The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions.” New Jersey Representative Bill Pascrell, citing section three of the 14th Amendment, called for Pelosi to not seat Bost and the other Republicans who signed the brief supporting the suit. Pascrell argued that “the text of the 14th Amendment expressly forbids Members of Congress from engaging in rebellion against the United States. Trying to overturn a democratic election and install a dictator seems like a pretty clear example of that.”
On January 6th and 7th, 2021, Bost objected to and refused to accept the presidential election results of 2020, and attempted to overturn the results of the election in favor of Donald Trump by voting to strip the electoral votes from the state of Arizona and Pennsylvania.
- Committee on Agriculture
- United States House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Committee on Veterans’ Affairs
- Republican Study Committee
- Republican Governance Group
- Republican Main Street Partnership
- Problem Solvers Caucus
|Democratic||Gerald Hawkins (incumbent)||13,245||43.79|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||19,561||51.82|
|Democratic||John S. Rendleman||18,188||48.18|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||18,523||55.11|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||24,137||62.70|
|Democratic||Robert L. Koehn||14,362||37.30|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||20,338||60.55|
|Illinois Green Party||Rich Whitney||2,150||6.40|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||27,984||59.99|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||23,289||77.87|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||26,506||57.54|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||22,820||74.43|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||37,192||100.0|
|Democratic||William L. “Bill” Enyart (incumbent)||87,860||41.89|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||169,976||54.31|
|Democratic||Charles “C.J.” Baricevic||124,246||39.69|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||31,658||83.50|
|Republican||Mike Bost (incumbent)||134,884||51.57|
Bost and his wife, Tracy, have three children and eleven grandchildren. He has said that his political hero is John Alexander Logan, an Illinois Democrat who had switched parties when the Civil War began. “He was willing to break ranks to do what was right,” Bost explained.
- “Final Illinois House Endorsements”. Chicago Tribune. October 21, 1994. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- “BOST, Mike”. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; retrieved April 2, 2015.
- “Illinois-12: Mike Bost (R)”. NationalJournal.com. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Moser, Whet (May 31, 2012). “The Politics of Mike Bost’s Pension Rant: Upstate, Downstate”. Chicago Magazine. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- “Representative Mike Bost (R)”. Illinois General Assembly. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- Vaughn, Lindsey Rae (July 10, 2014). “Candidate makes stops in Union County”. Gazette-Democrat. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T., eds. (November 8, 2007). “Press Release: Thompson Campaign Announces Illinois Leadership Team”. The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
- Mcceland, Jacob; Ranting And Throwing Papers: An Angry Candidate Runs For Congress; NPR; October 25, 2014; https://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2014/10/25/358712314/ranting-and-throwing-papers-an-angry-candidate-runs-for-congress
- “Bost rant on House floor goes viral”. The Southern. May 30, 2012.
- “Watch: Ill. lawmaker loses cool over pension bill”. CBS News. May 30, 2012.
- Moos, Jeanne (January 20, 2014). “Richard Sherman’s rant now among the best celebrity flip outs of all-time”. CNN. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Wicklander, Carl (March 2, 2014). “Large Percentage of Undecided Voters in IL-12 Leaves Election a Toss-Up”. Independent Voter Network. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- “Meet Mike Bost, a Must-Watch Freshman Congressman”. NBC News. November 17, 2014.
- Mariano, Nick (November 25, 2013). “Salute to success: NAACP gather for banquet; reminder of work that remains”. The Southern. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- “Bill Status of HR0706 98th General Assembly”. Illinois General Assembly. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- Parker, Molly (December 5, 2014) – “Bost to Resign Early From State House, Heading to DC”. The Southern Illinoisian; retrieved January 3, 2015.
- (January 2, 2015) – “Murphysboro’s Bryant Sworn In As State Rep”, Murphysboro American; retrieved January 3, 2015.
- “Representative Mike Bost (R)”. Illinois General Assembly. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- McDermott, Kevin (March 26, 2014). “Paper-flinging Illinois candidate Mike Bost being highlighted by national Republicans”. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- “Pat Quinn Could be Drag on Illinois Democrats”. August 20, 2014.
- “Illinois’ 12th District Contenders Highlight Differences”. News.stlpublicradio.org. October 16, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Hale, Caleb (July 27, 2013). “Murphysboro state legislator says it’s time”. The Southern. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Wicklander, Carl (July 14, 2014). “Ill. GOP Hopeful Mike Bost Forms Small Business Coalition to Compete in CD-12”. Independent Voter News. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- Grimm, Nathan (August 7, 2014). “Illinois Chamber endorses Bost for representative”. The Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2014.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- “Illinois Election Results”. New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
- “Illinois House results — 2014 Election Center — Elections and Politics from CNN.com”. CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Croessman, John (March 29, 2016). “Baricevic challenges Mike Bost”. Benton Evening News. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Wall, Tobias (November 8, 2016). “Bost holds off Baricevic, Bradshaw in 12th Congressional District”. Belleville News-Democrat. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Davenport, Cory. “U.S. Congressman Mike Bost accepts teachers’ union endorsement”. River Bender. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- “Mike Bost”. Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
- Raasch, Chuck (January 6, 2015). “Mike Bost sworn in as area’s only new U.S. House member”. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
- Esters, Stephanie; U.S. Rep. Mike Bost’s office had contact with suspect in shooting that wounded congressman; The Southern Illinoisan; June 14, 2017; http://thesouthern.com/news/national/u-s-rep-mike-bost-s-office-had-contact-with/article_09ba8b17-449f-5599-82a5-6870a1e0ff93.html
- “Members”. Republican Mains Street Partnership. Archived from the original on August 26, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
- “Membership”. Republican Study Committee. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Phillips, Kristine; ‘The cleansing’ by ‘the Orientals’: Lawmaker uses offensive term to describe raucous town halls; Washington Post; March 4, 2017; https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/wp/2017/03/04/illinois-rep-mike-bost-said-raucous-town-halls-are-like-the-cleansing-by-the-orientals/
- Illinois Rep. Mike Bost compares town halls to “cleansing” by “Orientals”; CBS News; March 3, 2017; https://www.cbsnews.com/news/illinois-rep-mike-bost-compares-town-halls-to-cleansing-by-orientals/
- Raasch, Chuck (April 19, 2016). “House passes Bost bill updating definition of small farm businesses”. St. Louis Post Dispatch. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Bustos, Joseph; Bost talks health care, Russia, NGA during telephone town hall; Belleville News Democrat; March 15, 2017; http://www.bnd.com/news/local/article138811038.html
- Aisch, Gregor (May 4, 2017). “How Every Member Voted on the House Health Care Bill”. New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Almukhtar, Sarah (December 19, 2017). “How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- Richard, Brandon. “Congressman Bost predicts tax law will become more popular”. WSIL3. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- Smith, Isaac; Rep. Mike Bost signs letter opposing plan to tax graduate stipends; The Southern Illinoisan; December 14, 2017; http://thesouthern.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/rep-mike-bost-signs-letter-opposing-plan-to-tax-graduate/article_df947f9d-24a6-59b0-9f5e-815259f8a3e0.html
- “Illinois Scorecard”. NORML. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). “Biden officially secures enough electors to become president”. AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). “Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- “Order in Pending Case” (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Diaz, Daniella. “Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court”. CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Smith, David (December 12, 2020). “Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election results”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
- “Pelosi Statement on Supreme Court Rejecting GOP Election Sabotage Lawsuit” (Press release). Speaker Nancy Pelosi. December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
- Williams, Jordan (December 11, 2020). “Democrat asks Pelosi to refuse to seat lawmakers supporting Trump’s election challenges”. TheHill. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- “COMMITTEES AND CAUCUSES”. United States Congressman Mike Bost. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- “Member List”. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- “Committees and Caucuses”. Congressman Mike Bost. December 13, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
- “MEMBERS”. RMSP. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
- “Featured Members”. Problem Solvers Caucus. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
- Illinois blue book, 1993-1994. Office of Illinois Secretary of State. 1994. p. 409. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Illinois blue book, 1995-1996. Office of Illinois Secretary of State. 1996. p. 412. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Illinois blue book, 1997-1998. Office of Illinois Secretary of State. 1998. p. 414. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 1998 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2000 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2002 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2004 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2006 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2008 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2010 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2012 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- “Election Results 2014 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “Election Results 2016 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “Election Results 2018 GENERAL PRIMARY”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “Election Results 2018 GENERAL ELECTION”. Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 4, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- “BOST STATEMENT ON POSITIVE COVID-19 TEST”. Congressman Mike Bost. October 9, 2020. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
- Congressman Mike Bost official U.S. House website
- Mike Bost for Congress
- Mike Bost at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
Source: Government page